What You Should Know about Rat and their Infestation in Your Home
Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, and so it is a good choice if your child is looking for a new pet. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. Therefore, you should be concern once they start to infest your garage, attic or basement.
There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. Coming from Asia are the so-called old world rats which are small, but their relatives found in your cities and towns are much bigger.
Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Rats are like pests which are nature’s scavengers, meaning, the more food is available, the more rats will be around. Rats are not fussy with their food, although they prefer diet of meat and vegetables, they will still be happy to loot your trash or raid your vegetable patch. Be warned that rats will also attack smaller animals if they cannot find food in their areas.
For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. The disease called the black death and later termed as the bubonic plague, were said to be transmitted by rats infested with fleas, and because of this, 25 million people died in the Middle Ages.
Today, we have now a better understanding of the disease and thus an outbreak of the disease can be prevented. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
Food or water that were contaminated by rats could lead to another disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Humans can also be infested with e-coli, another very common infestation on rats, and contaminated food and water is a source.